Questions and answers about Berlin TXL (as of: November 16, 2020)
Here you will find answers to frequently asked questions. Should you wish to have some additional information, please do speak to us. You will find your contact person here.
What is happening on the grounds of the former Tegel Airport?
The following are the developments now emerging on the five square kilometer site:
- Berlin TXL – The Urban Tech Republic, a research and industrial estate for urban technologies with up to 1,000 businesses and 20,000 jobs
- Berlin TXL – Schumacher Quartier, a residential district with more than 5,000 new residential units for more than 10,000 people
- A large nature and landscape space
Berlin TXL – The Urban Tech Republic
From the airport buildings and on the site of their adjoining areas, Berlin TXL, the Urban Tech Republic, is being created – a research and industrial park where technologies for tomorrow's city will be researched, developed, produced, tested and exported. Here is where science and research meet industry and commercial enterprise, and where start-ups meet investors. Six key issues for urban technologies have been defined for the curated site:
- climate-neutral energy systems and the efficient use of energy
- environmentally friendly mobility
- clean water
- the use of new materials for applications such as sustainable construction
- the networked control of systems
The existing buildings have a total floor area of about 200,000 m2. The campus will comprise 39 ha, the commercial belt 70 ha, and the industrial park 82 ha. The total surface area of the Urban Tech Republic covers 211 ha.
Users of the Urban Tech Republic will be start-ups, students and scientists, as well as established companies. Two important anchor tenants already stand confirmed: the Beuth University for Applied Sciences and the Berlin Fire and Rescue Service Academy (BFRA).
Up to 1,000 companies can take residence here; up to 20,000 jobs are to be created.
Berlin TXL – Schumacher Quartier
In the eastern part of the airport grounds and extending a little way beyond will be the 48 ha Schumacher Quartier. This new residential quarter will offer more than 5,000 residential units for more than 10,000 people – including related facilities such as schools, daycare centers, sports and shopping facilities, and lots of greenery. The new district will be the world's largest timber-constructed district.
As a sustainable and socially mixed area, Schumacher Quartier will make an important contribution to the German capital's strategy for residential construction and city development. In a Charter all partners involved have agreed upon seven guidelines for the development of Schumacher Quartiers:
- Urban living spaces
- Housing for everyone
- Urban green space and public areas
- Open educational landscape
- Climate-friendly and water-sensitive urban development
- District with environmentally friendly mobility guaranteed
- Communication, participation, and transparency
The dry grass areas above the northern take-off and landing runway will become a landscape zone of more than 200 ha, adjacent to the recreation area in the western part of Berlin. Plans are under way.
When does construction work begin?
We begin after the acquisition of the site – between May and August 2021 – first with preparatory construction measures, for example, site security or installation of construction logistics. After eliminating any dangerous waste that may be present, the first civil engineering work will start in 2022, as will the restoration and reconstruction work on the existing buildings in the Urban Tech Republic. This is followed by construction of the first residential units and of the education campus in Schumacher Quartier, beginning in 2024.
When will the construction work be completed?
We are expecting an implementation period of around 20 to 30 years.
The education campus and the first residential buildings in Schumacher Quartier are expected to be finished by 2027; the final ones in the 2030s. Construction in the Urban Tech Republic will probably last another ten years, but it may also take less or even more time, depending on the economic situation. The research and industrial site will never be truly "finished" – it will keep evolving quickly and easily, with its face also constantly changing.
Will the airport buildings disappear?
No, that won't happen. Large parts of the existing buildings are listed buildings and will form the nucleus of the future Urban Tech Republic. The iconic ensemble of buildings will be preserved for Berlin. Only lower grade parts without protected status will be removed, for example containers, tanks above ground and such like, or buildings that do not form part of the historic architectural ensemble.
How will the tower and terminals continue to be used?
The Beuth University for Applied Sciences, Berlin, will move into central Terminal A – in all likelihood in 2027. Terminals B and D are planned as start-up and conference centers. There are numerous ideas for the tower, but a decision about its subsequent use has not yet been made.
Terminal C will be dismantled. This provisional annex, dating from 2007, is neither part of the historic ensemble nor a listed building.
Who can acquire pieces of property on the site? And at what kind of prices?
All future properties in Berlin TXL are available to investors as part of leasehold estate contracts. In this way, the State of Berlin retains ownership of the properties. Companies and institutions conforming to profile in the field of urban technologies can acquire a leasehold estate contract for properties in the Urban Tech Republic. The ground rent is determined by the type and degree of the future use and the corresponding stipulations of the State of Berlin, as is also the term of leasehold estate contracts.
Half of the area in Schumacher Quartier goes to state-owned housing associations. The other half will be offered, also as part of the awarding of leasehold estate contracts, to housing cooperatives, construction groups, and providers tendering for special types of housing (e.g. student residences). The first award processes start in 2021.
The landscape area, the landscape park and the district park in Schumacher Quartier are available to the general public. No leasehold estate can be acquired here.
When can something be rented? And for how much?
Urban Tech Republic: Starting in 2021 the first spaces in the existing buildings of the former airport will already be able to be leased in tandem with the construction process. Some buildings are still to be renovated before their long-term further use. Rents will be based on the commercial leasing in the respective market situation. In the start-up and technology centers that are being created, the spaces are being made available to eligible start-up companies under more favorable conditions.
Schumacher Quartier: The first residential units are expected to be ready to occupy starting in 2027 and will be leased out by the state-owned housing associations and cooperatives. The proportion of subsidized rents will be around 40 percent in the district.
Will the bus connection to the airport continue to exist?
- Bus line 109 will be extended to the new Urban Tech Republic terminus, which is located at the former West Access Control Point. You can find the bus route to the Urban Tech Republic here.
- Bus line 128 runs only between the stops U Osloer Strasse and U Kurt-Schumacher-Platz and no longer continues in the direction of the former airport building.
- Bus lines TXL and X9 will be canceled.
- With continued development of the Urban Tech Republic and Schumacher Quartier, new connections to the Public Transport Network can be expected. A U-Bahn connection is being tested and an S-Bahn junction is planned.
What adverse effects are expected?
The former Tegel Airport will become a major construction site, which also will have repercussions on its surroundings and the neighborhood. We would like to keep these as small as possible and at the same time we ask for your understanding for necessary measures.
There will be two central construction site accesses: one at the former airport access at Saatwinkler Damm (South Access) and one at Kurt-Schumacher-Damm, approximately located near house number 125 (East Access). Construction vehicles and trucks will drive in and out here.
The site will be searched by us for explosive ordnance from the Second World War. If what is called a 'dud' is discovered, there may be temporary street closures and, if need be, even evacuations in the surrounding area.
Meteorstrasse will be converted into an urban road with new sidewalks and bike paths, grass verges planted with trees, as well as two lanes in both directions. Here also restrictions are to be expected during the construction work.
We will inform you in a timely manner about any upcoming measures.
As part of the Integrated Urban Development Plan (German acronym ISEK), various measures are being implemented for development of the area close to Tegel Airport. You will find more detailed information about this on the website of the Senate Administration for Urban Development and Housing.
How much longer will the Federal Armed Forces ("Bundeswehr") be on the grounds?
Parts of the "TXL North" development area are still expected to continue to be used until 2029 by the Helicopter Squadron of the Executive Transport Wing of the Federal Armed Forces ("Bundeswehr"). Planning is not affected by this. A start on this construction phase is not expected to be made until 2030.
What does the project development cost and who pays for it all?
Berlin TXL is being financed from several different public and private sources: From Berlin's budgetary resources, subsidies from the EU and the Federal Government, and the marketing and leasing of premises. In all we are counting on total investments of around eight billion euros, the major portion of which will be private investments.
How can I participate with my company in the implementation?
Tegel Projekt GmbH is a public corporation and awards the contracts as part of public tender procedures that, depending on their size, are published on the stipulated platforms, for example on the State of Berlin's tendering platform. Join in our public tenders - we look forward to working with you!
In the future, when so many people are out and about in the residential district and in the Urban Tech Republic, won't the streets, the public transport system and their surroundings then be congested?
Quite the opposite: It's rather that the traffic will be lighter and the environment will be freed up. As a comparison: Before the slump in air traffic as a consequence of the Corona crisis, every day there were more than 70,000 people en route to the airport – via the bottleneck that was the airport feeder road. In the future as many as 20,000 people will work in the area and around 10,000 people will live there. In addition, an innovative mobility concept has been developed for Berlin TXL.
Won't rents go up in the neighborhood in the future? Isn't there a fear of gentrification?
After the closure of the Tegel Airport almost 30,000 residential units will be able to be built on the actual grounds and in their extended radius, which will bring considerable relief to the situation in the Berlin housing market. Moreover, in Spandau and Reinickendorf consideration is being given to environmentally protected areas in order to keep the appreciation pressure low after closure of the airport. In addition, the tools of the Federal Government (rent curbs) and of the State of Berlin (rent cap) will take effect here. Furthermore, for the environs of the airport site a plan known as the Integrated Urban Development Concept (German Acronym ISEK) "Berlin TXL Surrounding Area" has been developed. The objective is to network the Urban Tech Republic and Schumacher Quartier as closely as possible with the existing city districts all around.
Are the grounds accessible to the public?
Not in the short term - when air traffic stopped, the grounds were closed. However, beginning in 2021 we will be on site with an information center in Building V, where not only will you be able to obtain information, visit exhibitions or participate in events, but you will also be able to book tours of the construction site tours. In the meantime, visit our initial InfoPoint or our digital Info center at www.zukunft-berlintxl.de.
Provided the situation with the Corona virus in summer 2021 permits, we would like to organize an open house day in August. Then, not only should the buildings be open, but also, for the first time, the airside, which has been cordoned off until now, together with the airfield and the runways for take-off and landing.
Next, the grounds will become a huge construction site with the appropriate security to prevent unauthorized access. As soon as each construction phase is finished, that section will then also be accessible to the public.
After explosive ordnance clearances and site remediation, the extensive landscape space north and west of the Urban Tech Republic will be opened to the general public in the next few years in succession. For this also, several new accesses will be created.
What new leisure facilities will there be?
Very many. In addition to the huge landscape zone, access to which will be free, numerous attractive sports and exercise facilities are planned: playgrounds, multi-purpose sports facilities, and fitness and health stations along jogging paths. On the surface of the landing strip and the taxiway there will be a roller derby track, a street skateboarding park, a streetball facility, a bicycle parcours, and a calisthenics parcours, among many other offerings. On the green spaces of the park there are plans for a rock-climbing gym, a soccer field, and an area for frisbee golf, as well as an outdoor fitness area.
All sports and play areas in the district and landscape park will be designed taking into account gender guidelines and with as few barriers as possible in order to promote communal play. As regards sports and playing facilities, shade roofs and seating facilities, picnic tables and informal bleachers have been arranged creating a wide variety of places to meet.